To run Microsoft Windows applications in Ubuntu Linux, Wine or CrossOver (paid version) is a good choice. And here’s how to install and use Wine in Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.
In this tutorial, you’ll see 2 ways to install Wine in Ubuntu. Choose either one that you prefer.
Install Wine from Ubuntu repository:
Ubuntu included Wine package in its own repository, though it’s old. User may simply press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open terminal and run command to install it:
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 && sudo apt install wine
Type user password (no asterisk feedback) and hit Enter to authentication for sudo.
After installed package run winecfg in terminal to generate configuration file. And, run command to make link the
sudo ln -s /usr/share/doc/wine/examples/wine.desktop /usr/share/applications/
Finally, you may right-click on an EXE file to run via “Wine Windows Program Loader” option:
Install Wine from its official repository:
The Wine developer team provides an official apt repository for Debian/Ubuntu based systems. By releasing v7.6, it added Ubuntu 22.04 support.
1. Install Wine key
The repository now has updated with new method to install the key to follow Debian policy, as apt-key is deprecated
Press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open terminal. When it opens, run command to download the key:
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
Then install the key by moving it to ‘/usr/share/keyring’ directory:
sudo mv winehq.key /usr/share/keyrings/winehq-archive.key
2. Add Wine repository:
Next run the commands below one by one to download the repository setup file and move to “/etc/apt/sources.list.d” directory.
- Download the source file:
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/dists/$(lsb_release -sc)/winehq-$(lsb_release -sc).sources
- Move it into “/etc/apt/sources.list.d”:
sudo mv winehq-$(lsb_release -sc).sources /etc/apt/sources.list.d/
NOTE: This command is for Ubuntu only. “$(lsb_release -sc)” returns system’s code-name. For Linux Mint and other Ubuntu based system, replace it with jammy (22.04), focal (20.04) or bionic (18.04) depends on which Ubuntu edition your system is based on.
3. Install Wine:
The Wine repository provides three Wine packages:
- winehq-stable – the stable version (v7.0 so far)
- winehq-devel – the latest development release.
- winehq-staging – the testing version with patches applied on top of the corresponding wine-devel
Before installing them, you may need to run
sudo apt update to refresh system cache. Then, install one of the packages by running command below in terminal:
- To install the stable edition use command:
sudo apt install winehq-stable
- Install wine development release via:
sudo apt install winehq-devel
- Or install wine-staging via command:
sudo apt install winehq-staging
NOTE: It does not re-build old packages for new supported systems. So
winehq-stable is not available for Ubuntu 22.04 until next stable release (v7.0.1 or v8.0)
After installation, right-click on your EXE file and start it via Wine program loader option. See if you app works with wine.
How to Remove Wine:
1. To remove the Wine package, simply open terminal and run commands:
sudo apt remove wine winehq-stable winehq-staging winehq-devel
There will be local configuration files and app data left under .wine and .local/share/applications. They are hidden folders, press Ctrl+H in file manager to toggle display and remove them as you want.
2. To remove the Wine repository, open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and run command:
sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/winehq-jammy.sources
And remove the repository key via command:
sudo rm /usr/share/keyrings/winehq-archive.key
Finally apply changes by running
sudo apt update to refresh system package cache.